E-1 Visa: Treaty Trader for Traders & E-2 Visa: Treaty Investor for Investors
The E visa category was designed to give effect to trade and investment treaties between the U.S. and foreign nations providing reciprocal benefits to the nationals the nations signing the treaties; in this way, facilitating commercial interaction between the U.S. and treaty countries. It allows investors making a substantial investment in the U.S.; or business owners, managers, and employees of an enterprise conducting trade between the U.S. and a treaty nation, who need to remain in the U.S. for extended periods of time to supervise work performed in the U.S., to be able to live and work lawfully.
Qualifications of E-1 Treaty Trader Visa
Aliens who are citizens of a nation that has signed a trade and investment treaty with the U.S., who are coming to the United States:
- Solely to carry on or engage in substantial trade between his/her country and the U.S., including trade in services or trade in technology.
- Principally between the United States and the foreign state of which the alien is a national.
Qualifications of E-2 Treaty Investor Visa
Aliens who are citizens of a nation that has signed a trade and investment with the U.S., who are coming to the United States:
- Solely to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which he/she has invested; or
- Solely to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which he/she is actively in the process of investing a substantial amount of capital; or
- As an employee who will perform services that require special qualifications essential to the operations of the treaty investor's enterprise, who has the same nationality as the treaty investor employer or the nationals owning at lest 50% of the enterprise, who must be under treaty investor status if residing in the U.S.; and
- Showing an intention to depart from the United States upon the termination of his or her status.