Judges at the district court and also the county court level are required to be licensed attorneys. Knowing the judge both in practice and seeing the transition to judge is helpful in determining what policy or philosophy the judge will employ in the courtroom. All Judges want to be seen as both fair and impartial. Most will state in family or divorce, that the best interest of the child is the primary concern when spouses and parents cannot work things out.
You may be in a situation where your facts were not presented in the best light. If this happens, you may want to consider an appeal of the trial judge’s decision. In a family law context, you have three different types of judges. You have a master who presides over title 4 child support cases. You have a right to trial de novo in front of the elected district judge but must file the appeal within 7 days. Then there is the associate judge for the elected or presiding judge. You also have a right to trial de novo on referrals made to the associate judge back to the district judge. This is different from an appeal the Texas court of appeals or Supreme Court of Texas. While I can help you in all aspects of a family law or divorce case, the purpose of this page and information contained herein is to provide information on how to appeal a final judgment from a court for which you will be going to need a brief, oral argument, the reporter’s record, and an opinion from a higher court. As deadlines are short in this area, I encourage you to call me on my direct line at (281) 704-0723 to discuss your facts.
There are several ways to have a final judgment appealed, below is discussed the procedures generally for your information on the procedure used to review the judgment:
If either the trial court or the jury verdict was an event for which you participated, then you would more likely than not file a traditional appeal. The record takes about two weeks to be prepared by the court reporter. Also, a motion for new trial may be something that can be used to preserve error committed by the trial court. The motion for new trial must be filed within 30 days of the judgment having been signed. If an affidavit is required on the motion for new trial, then this must be filed with the motion and cannot be amended even if the court does not hear the case up until the 75th day after the judgment was signed.
If you were defaulted at the trial level, thus you did not participate in the trial, you may file a notice of appeal within six months of judgment, you must show that the you did not participate in the hearing for which the judgment was made, and make a showing of error on the face of the record. If you receive notice of judgment within 30 days, I would not recommend sitting on the case and thinking that this procedure will allow you to fix everything. You can set aside a default judgment with a motion for new trial if filed within 30 days and thus avoid the appeal. Deadlines are firm, please call as soon as you find out about a default and look to your options in setting aside the judgment.
This procedure is available when the trial court does something that may be void. Such as issuing an order for child custody when the child has never resided in Texas. Texas would not have jurisdiction to issue the order if the child had never been to Texas. Many times parents see themselves in the state, thus, they assume along with their attorney, that Texas would have jurisdiction over all aspects of the family law case. While Texas law does state if you dissolve a marriage in Texas you must include the children issues, the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act, trumps Texas law when it come to the children issues. The filing of a Mandamus usually will result in an order, opinion or response from the court of appeals within about 45 days. The Mandamus is a writ that requires a trial judge to conform their judgment or act in a way for which the court of appeals has mandated is proper and within the jurisdiction or authority of the trial court. Thus, when the mandamus issues, the trial judge has not acted properly and signed a judgment or an order for which is void or has abused their discretion such that no remedy may be available on appeal.
|Days||Deadline||Action Required (Special rules for termination appeals are in italics.)|
|0||Beginning date: Date judgment, decree or order signed.|
|10||Within 10 days of hearing, request child support findings under Tex. Fam. Code § 154.130.|
|15||File statement of points for appeal in TDPRS cases. Tex. Fam. Code § 263.405(b).|
|20||File Request for Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law. Tex. R. Civ. P. 296.
Filing timely Request extends time to appeal to 90 days from signature of judgment
or decree. Tex. R. App. P. 26.1.
Deadline for perfecting appeal in accelerated appeal cases (including TDPRS cases) regardless of post-trial motions or requests. Tex. Fam. Code § 263.405(a); Tex. R. App. P. 26.1(b).
|30||Trial court's plenary power ends, and appeal must be perfected, if no Motion for
New Trial or similar motion filed by this time, and no Request for Findings of Fact or
Conclusions of Law previously and timely filed. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(d); Tex. R.
App. P. 26.1.
Deadline for filing Motion for New Trial or similar motion. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(a).
Deadline for amending previously filed Motion for New Trial or similar motion. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(b).
Deadline for trial court to order post-trial temporary orders when they are permitted. Tex. Fam. Code § 109.001.
|40||Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law due within 20 days of filing Request; assuming Request filed on 20th day, Findings and Conclusions due by this day. Tex. R. Civ. P. 297.|
|45||Deadline for motion to extend time to file notice of appeal if 30-day deadline 45 missed. Tex. R. App. P. 26.3.|
|50||Notice of Past Due Finding of Fact and Conclusions of Law due within 30 days after Request filed; assuming Request filed on 20th day, this is the last day for a reminder. Tex. R. Civ. P. 297.|
|75||Motion for New Trial or similar motion overruled by operation of law if no written 75 order signed by trial court. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(c).|
|90||Appeal to be perfected by this date if Motion for New Trial or similar motion overruled by operation of law or if Request for Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law previously and timely filed. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(c).|
|105||Trial court's plenary power ends if time extended by prior, timely filing of Motion for
New Trial or similar motion overruled by operation of law or prior, timely filing of
Request for Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(e).
Note: If trial court overruled Motion for New Trial or similar motion by written order signed prior to 75th day, then trial court's plenary power ended on 30th day after order signed. Tex. R. Civ. P. 329b(e).